Skin cancer treatment is never an easy ordeal for someone inflicted with this illness. Skin melanoma tends to spread to other organs and presents the biggest treatment challenge for surgeons. Still, standard treatments for squamous and basal cell carcinomas and relatively safe and effective. Most skin cancers are also easy to detect and cure before the spread to other regions of the body.
When it comes to skin cancer treatment, there is an intricate process involved before the patient goes for surgery. For one, the primary care physician will perform a thorough checkup and refer the patient to a skincare expert or dermatologist. The skincare expert will then work with the patient to explain the process of detection, removal, and post-op healing. Most small tumors are surgically removed with a scraping tool. The tumors are then frozen with liquid nitrogen or eliminated with low-dose radiation.
For patients that may not need surgery, the physician will apply an ointment consisting of a chemotherapeutic agent. This is known as 5-fluorouracil, which is applied to the tumors for several weeks. In contrast, larger tumors that are localized are surgically removed. This form of skin cancer treatment requires the patient to undergo a prep process. This is the time for the patient to ask a lot of questions about healing recovery times and get related information.
If the skin cancer has spread beyond the epidermis, the tumors will be surgically removed. Patients also have to undergo radiation and chemotherapy to prevent skin cancer cells from returning. Some tumors that cannot be treated with surgical procedures are taken care of with sonidegib or vismodegib. These are anti-cancer agents that are administered orally in the patients.
As part of any skin cancer treatment, the entire cancer is removed with some surround tissue. In some cases, lymph nodes may be removed if they have become infected. This is not always the case and it depends on the presiding surgeon and physician to make the determination. It is also essential to know that chemotherapy and radiation will not cure advanced melanoma skin cancer. Instead, these treatments will relieve most symptoms and slow down the disease from within the tumor.
Certain drugs like interleukin-2 and interferon-alpha may also be used in conjunction with immunotherapy. If the skin cancer spreads to the brain, radiation will be applied to slow down its growth and handle symptoms. Immunotherapy is designed to kill skin cancer cells by altering the body’s immune system. This treatment has shown success in curing advanced skin melanoma cases. While studies continue, immunotherapy is an option when it comes to skin cancer treatment.
If you are dealing with skin growths, time is of the essence. Visit your local doctor, such as drjsoffice.com/skin-cancer/, at once, so he or she can take some x-rays and digital imaging scans. While your primary care physician may not be a skincare expert, he or she is able to connect you with leading skincare professionals and surgeons in your immediate area. From lipomas and tumors to unusual skin growths, you need a skincare professional or dermatologist to check you out and create the best route of action to take.