Did you know that 90 percent of adults above the age of 20 have had at least one cavity in their lifetime?
Tooth decay, which is essentially what a cavity is, is considered one of the most prevalent dental problems. If left untreated, they can cause immense pain and lead to the formation of abscesses under the gums.
However, you should note that cavities take different forms. In fact, there are four types of cavities you could have. Stick with us as we explore what each of these are and what they could mean for your oral health.
Let’s dive right in!
- Root Cavities
A root cavity refers to decay or damage to the roots of your teeth. Now, the roots of your teeth are generally below your gumline which makes it less likely for cavities to form there. However, seniors, particularly those with receding gumlines are quite susceptible to root cavities.
The roots of your teeth are already relatively lower in protective enamel. When exposed directly to the bacteria and acids in your mouth it is more likely to experience decay.
These cavities can get deeper and more severe very quickly, so make sure to browse through a dental fillings guide and talk to a qualified dentist about your problem immediately.
- Smooth Surface Cavities
Smooth surface cavities are fairly self-explanatory. They occur on the exterior surfaces of your teeth. They are the slowest to form and also the rarest.
When it comes to cavity prevention, your best bet is to follow a good oral hygiene routine and brush your teeth at least twice a day. Additionally, you can also opt for fluoride-based toothpaste, and try to floss at least once a day to get rid of any food between your teeth.
- Pit and Fissure Cavities
Pit and fissure cavities are the most common and tend to occur on the occlusal or biting surfaces of your teeth. It is fairly easy for food to get caught between these fissures, and grooves, especially if you’re someone who often forgets to brush their teeth.
Over time, the debris begins to rot, leading to tooth decay and ultimately a cavity. If caught in its preliminary stages, the decay can be treated with fluoride or a sealant. However, when it gets deeper, your dentist may have to use a filling, a crown, or if it’s particularly severe, perform a root canal.
- Interproximal Cavities
These types of cavities can form between two teeth that have lost their protective enamel. Regular flossing or the use of a fluoride-based mouthwash can minimize your risk of developing interproximal cavities.
Get Treated for the Right Types of Cavities
Spotting the early signs of a cavity goes a long way in effective treatment. Now that you know what types of cavities are possible, you’ll know exactly what to keep an eye out for, the next time you’re in front of your bathroom mirror, brushing your teeth.
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