Psoriasis is one of the common chronic autoimmune diseases that affect several people. Moderate to severe plaque psoriasis cause red, itchy, scaly patches. This psoriasis appears on the knees, elbows, trunk and scalp. Some psoriasis is visible on the outside of the body but it usually begins on the inside. Here is a takeaway of some essential things that you need to know about psoriasis, the symptoms of psoriasis and how to treat it.

What is Psoriasis?

Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that causes patches of red, scaly skin to form. The exact cause of psoriasis is unknown, but it is believed to be related to an overactive immune system. There is no cure for psoriasis, but there are treatments that can help to control the symptoms.

Types of psoriasis

There are five main types of psoriasis: plaque, guttate, inverse, pustular, and erythrodermic.

  • Plaque psoriasis is the most common type of psoriasis, and it appears as raised, red patches covered with a white buildup of dead skin cells. These patches often itch or burn. Plaque psoriasis can occur anywhere on your body, but it is most often found on the elbows, knees, scalp, back, and face.
  • Guttate psoriasis is the second most common type of psoriasis. It appears as small, pink dots or drops on the skin. Guttate psoriasis often starts in childhood or adolescence. It is often triggered by a bacterial infection such as strep throat.
  • Inverse psoriasis appears as smooth, red patches in the folds of the skin near the genitals, under the breasts, or in other moist areas. It is more common in people who are overweight.
  • Pustular psoriasis appears as white blisters filled with pus surrounded by red skin. It can be localized to one area of the body or cover large areas. Pustular psoriasis often occurs in adults.
  • Erythrodermic psoriasis is the least common type of psoriasis. It appears as a widespread reddening and scaling of the skin. Erythrodermic psoriasis can be very serious.

Symptoms of Psoriasis 

The symptoms of psoriasis vary depending on the type of psoriasis you have. However, the most common symptom is patches of thick, red skin with silvery scales. These patches can itch or feel sore. They may also bleed easily.

Other symptoms include:

• Red, inflamed skin

• Itching

• Burning sensation

• Dryness and cracking of the skin

• Thickened, pitted, or ridged nails

• Swollen and stiff joints

Life with Psoriasis

If you have psoriasis, you know that it’s more than just a skin condition. It can be a burden on your daily life, impacting your ability to do the things you enjoy. Here are some things you should know about living with psoriasis:

1. Psoriasis is a chronic condition that has no cure. That means it will last for months or even years, and flare-ups can happen at any time.

2. While there are treatments that can help ease the symptoms of psoriasis, there is no one-size-fits-all solution. You may need to try several different treatments before you find one that works for you.

3. Psoriasis can be more than just a skin condition. It can also lead to joint pain, fatigue, and even depression.

4. Living with psoriasis can be expensive. Between doctor’s visits, medication costs, and the impact on your quality of life, the condition can take a toll financially as well as physically and emotionally.

5. There is a large community of people living with psoriasis who understand what you’re going through and can offer support and advice. Don’t hesitate to reach out to others for help when you need it.

Summing it up

By knowing the symptoms of Psoriasis and the cause of Psoriasis, you can easily lower the risk of developing other health conditions. By detecting Psoriasis earlier, you can avoid some conditions like Psoriatic arthritis, heart disease, obesity, diabetes and depression.